Cat scratch fever symptoms present as a bump or blister at the location of a scratch or bite from a cat or kitten. It is the outcome of a bacteria infection transmitted from the cat to a man, woman or child. Other medical symptoms can possibly be present and this article will give those indications and also give medical treatment options and home care options.
Cat Scratch Fever Symptoms And Cause
Signs or symptoms include a lump that grows over the scratch or bite in less than a week. The lump may be filled with fluid. Associated signs and symptoms may involve swollen lymph nodes near the lump, a low fever (to 101 degrees), fatigue, reduction of appetite and a general overall sensation of discomfort (malaise).
Also known as Cat scratch disease, the ailment is brought on by Bartonella bacteria (Bartonella henselae) which is carried in the claws or saliva of a contaminated cat or kitten. The bacteria is not spread from person to person.
Cat Scratch Fever Treatment And Diagnosis
If an adult or youngster is displaying swollen lymph nodes and has just lately had exposure to a cat or kitten, then this situation should be suspected. A physical exam and/or skin check may be suggested to look for the evidence of extra symptoms and to screen for the presence of an enlarged spleen, that can be a complicating symptom related with this ailment. A Bartonella henselae IFA test or a biopsy of the involved lymph nodes can be employed to confirm the diagnosis.
Remedy – Recovery is typically spontaneous with the infection running its course inside of 3 weeks. A medical provider may prescribe antibiotics in extreme cases or for individuals with compromised immune systems like individuals with AIDS.
Home care may include moist heat over the affected place may be utilized and rest may be required to recuperate from tiredness or fever. Cat scratch fever can be avoided by using excellent hand-washing behaviors right after playing with a cat or kitten and avoiding scratches, bites or getting in contact with cat saliva whenever possible.