The need to have the contact numbers of the vet in a conspicuous place cannot be stressed enough. Dogs are always injured because these are very energetic animals. A dog that comes home one day with an injury would not really be surprising to an owner. Abrasions, deep gashes, cuts and lacerations are common injuries of dogs. Dogs usually get these injuries from fighting with other dogs or from rummaging in trash cans. The fur of the dog protects the skin but a broken glass, a barbed wire or a jagged tin would still cause lacerations. Dogs love tormenting cats and one that is chasing a cat may rush into a glassed off window.
Because of the active lifestyle it is common for dogs to get lacerated. This injury is typified by the irregular or jagged tearing of the dog’s tissues. Although there are minor lacerations, this type of injury is commonly deep to be able to go through the thickness of the skin to damage the tissues and the structures under the skin. Lacerations commonly tear the muscles and cut tendons and blood vessels. Because of the damage to the tissues and blood vessels, lacerations can be life threatening if treatment is not promptly given to the pet.
A dog owner’s instinct upon seeing the injured pet is to examine the extent of the injury. However, caution must be exercised as dogs in pain may show an aggressive behavior. It would be a good idea to muzzle the dog or to ask another person to restrain the pet. Because lacerations would bleed, it would be easy to figure out the location of the dog’s injuries.
Minor laceration can be treated at home especially if the dog owner is competent in administering first aid. A vet’s attention will be necessary for serious lacerations as suturing the wound may be necessary. For lacerations that bleed heavily, first aid measures that would control the bleeding must be applied as the dog can go into shock because of blood loss. Bleeding can be controlled by using a clean cloth or a bandaging material to directly apply pressure to the wound.
Minor lacerations can be managed at home with the use of the first aid kit. After the bleeding was controlled, the laceration must be flushed with lukewarm water to remove any debris. With this first aid method, the risk of infection will be minimized and the owner can evaluate the extent of the dog’s injuries. Cover the wound with sterile bandage to prevent dirt from contaminating the wound.